How to fill up a flight plan part A

How to fill up a flight plan part A

¿ what is a flight plan?

 

A flight plan ( FPL) is information provided to air traffic service unit, relative to an intended flight or portion of a flight.

Things to consider about the flight plan :

  • It is a must to do a new flight plan in the case that there is a delay of 30 min or more.
  • It must be sent at least 30 minutes before the departure of the flight , but 60 minutes before crossing the international boundary.

 

Definitions :

  • Estimated off-block time ( EOBT) : Estimated time at which the aircraft will commence movement associated with departure.
  • Estimated time of arrival ( ETA) : The time at which is atimated that the aircraft will arrive over that designated point, aerodrome…

 

How to fill a flight plan   :

The  four numbers of the hours or time etc, must be written and always in UTC for example 04:00 UTC.

 

Gap 7 Aircraft identification:

  • It can be either the registration of the plane or the callsign of the company is flying to. ECMJV or if it was IBERIA would be IBE401.

 

Gap 8 flight rules ( 1 or 2 characters):

Flight rules we are going to follow:

  • I if it is IFR ( instrumental flight rules).
  • V if it is VFR ( visual flight rules).
  • Y If it starts as an IFR and finish VFR
  • Z If it starts as an VFR and finish IFR
  • Note : If we are performing an V or Z flight , we must to write down at the gap 15 of our flight time the point where we start the VFR/IFR flight.

Type of flight :

  • S if it is a regular air service
  • N If it is a regular transport
  • G General aviation
  • M army flight
  • X other kind of flights

 

 

 

Gap 9: Number and type of airplanes and wake turbulence

Number of airplanes ( 1 or 1 characters)

Type of airplane ( 2 or 4 characters) for example :Cessna 172 (C172), Airbus 320 (A320).

Wake turbulence ( 1 character)

  • H , Heavy if the maximum take off mass is 136.000 Kg or more.
  • M , Medium if the maximum take off mass is less than 136.000 Kg, and more than 7000 Kg
  • L, Light if the maximum take off mass is 7000 Kg or less.

 

 

Gap 10: Equipment:

It is the radiocomunications, the navigation systems and approach system.

  • N if we are not carrying COM/NAV radio aids
  • S If we are carrying normal COM/NAV radio aids:

 C : Loran C, D: DME, F: ADF, G: GNSS, H: HF RTF, M: Omega, O: Vor, R:Rnp,T: TACAN,                     U: UHF RTF,I : Inercial navigation,K: MLS, L: ILS.

Survillance system (SSR)

  • N, nil
  • A, Transponder mode A.
  • C, Transponder mode C.
  • X, Transponder mode S without transmitting the identification of the airplane, and not the pressure altitude.
  • P, Transponder mode S without transmitting the identification of the airplane, but transmitting the pressure altitude.
  • I, Transponder mode S transmitting the identification of the airplane, but not transmitting the pressure altitude.
  • S, Transponder mode S transmiting the identification of the airplane, and the pressure altitude.

ADS equipment:

  • D

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